andrew mellon net worth

also latest information on Andrew Mellon cars, Andrew Mellon income, remuneration, lifestyle.Based on Online sources ( Wikipedia,google Search,Yahoo search) Andrew Mellon estimated net worth is $ USD 8 Mil and Primary income from politician,diplomat,banker,art collector. Andrew Mellon helped the family gain control of important oil and steel companies. The Mellon siblings were prominently featured in Fortune magazine’s first list of wealthiest Americans with a net worth in between $400 million and $700 million in 1957 dollars each. Listed individuals are thought to have had a net worth of at least the equivalent of 100 billion United States dollars. Mellon’s personal net worth, just over $80 million in 1923, would be estimated as high as $600 million — about $9 billion today — six years later. For example, Mellons hold an estimated 30 per cent of the outstanding stock of the Aluminum Company of America, worth $425‐mil lion. Encouraged by Frick, and guided by Charles Carstairs. [63] Their efforts were opposed by the coalition of Democrats and progressive Republicans that exercised effective control over the 68th Congress. Several Republicans urged Mellon to run for president, but Mellon believed that he was too old to seek the presidency. $11.5B. [113] Nora gave birth to a daughter, Ailsa, in 1901. SPOUSE. Yes, I want to work with … Blog Read More » In the course of his business career, Mellon owned or helped finance Alcoa, the New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Old Overholt whiskey, Standard Steel Car Company, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, Koppers, the Pittsburgh Coal Company, the Carborundum Company, Union Steel Company, the McClintic-Marshall Construction Company, Gulf Oil, and numerous other businesses. Andrew Mellon, March 24, Businessman, politician, banker and art collector Andrew Mellon was born in Pittsburgh on March 24, 1855, to Thomas Alexander Mellon and Sarah Jane Negley, His family was Protestant immigrant from County Tyrone, Northern Ireland who had arrived in Pennsylvania in 1918. Andrew Mellon was one of the wealthiest people in the United States and the third-highest income-tax payer in the mid-1920s – behind John D. Rockefeller and Henry Ford. [28] The Mellons later removed Guffey as the head of his company, and in 1907 they reorganized the Guffey Company as Gulf Oil and installed William Larimer Mellon Sr. (a son of Andrew Mellon's older brother, James Ross Mellon) as the head of Gulf Oil. "[89][90], Facing a large deficit, Mellon and Mills called for a return to the tax rates set by the Revenue Act of 1924, and also sought new taxes on automobiles, gasoline, and other items. His net worth was estimated to range from $300 to $400 million ($4.1B to $5.5B in today’s dollars). Celebrities Val Mellon Net Worth Val Mellon Net Worth 2020, Age, Height, Relationships, Married, Dating, Family, Wiki Biography Railroad owner. His character is played by Carnegie Mellon alumnus James Cromwell. Andrew William Mellon Marriage, Affairs and Children. Andrew William Mellon (1855–1937), one of the longest-serving U.S. Treasury secretaries in history and also the namesake of Washington, D.C.'s Andrew Mellon Building and Andrew W. Mellon Auditorium. He conditioned the offer on the establishment of a board of trustees, a majority of whom would be chosen by Mellon. He later became a judge and made smart investments in banking and real estate. [53] The income tax had become a major part of the federal government's revenue system with the passage of the Revenue Act of 1913, and federal taxation on income had increased during World War I to provide funding for the war effort. L'inscription et … "[74], Responsibility for foreign relations lay with the State Department rather than the Treasury Department, and the Benjamin Strong Jr. and other central bankers took the lead with regard to international monetary policy, but Mellon nonetheless exercised some influenced in foreign affairs. [9], Mellon's role at T. Mellon & Sons continued to grow after 1873, and in 1876 he was given power of attorney to direct the operations of the bank. The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the product of the merger of the Avalon Foundation and the Old Dominion Foundation (set up separately by his children), is named in his honor, as is the 378-foot US Coast Guard Cutter Mellon (WHEC-717). Michael Bloomberg (b.1942) > 2018 estimated net worth: $59.4 billion > Source of wealth: Bloomberg L.P. > … In addition to cutting taxes on top earners, the act also raised the personal exemption for federal income taxes, abolished the gift tax, reduced the estate tax rate, and repealed a provision that had required the public disclosure of federal income tax returns. Along with Frick, Mellon gained control of the Pittsburgh National Bank of Commerce, a national bank that was authorized to print banknotes. [7] After leaving Western University, Andrew briefly worked at a lumber and coal business before joining T. Mellon & Sons as a full-time employee in 1873. Congress responded by passing the Revenue Act of 1932, which included many of Treasury Department's proposals. Chercher les emplois correspondant à Andrew w mellon net worth ou embaucher sur le plus grand marché de freelance au monde avec plus de 19 millions d'emplois. The repeal of the federal gift tax, meanwhile, would enable Mellon to end-run what remained of the estate tax — and start shifting his fortune to his heirs, grandson Timothy Mellon eventually among them. [116] Mellon and Nora eventually reconciled, and in 1907 she gave birth to a son, Paul. Frick and Mellon both joined the Duquesne Club and, after Frick established the South Fork Fishing and Hunting Club, Mellon became one of that club's first members. [121] In 1923, Nora married Harvey Arthur Lee, a British-born antiques dealer 14 years her junior. AFFAIR. Mills. [5] Because Thomas was suspicious of both private and public schools, he built a schoolhouse for his children and hired a teacher; Andrew attended this school beginning at age five. They also established Union Savings Bank, which accepted deposits by mail, and the Mellon banks flourished in the first years of the 20th century. [114] Nora disliked living in Pittsburgh, and she was unhappy in her marriage. The Andrew W. Mellon Memorial Fountain in Washington was created by Sidney Waugh and was dedicated in May 1952 by Harry S. [54], Mellon instead advocated for the retention of a progressive income tax that would serve as an important, but not primary, source of revenue for the federal government. Frequently, one of these few people is considered to be the richest person of all time. Are you also wondering how much money is Timothy Mellon making on Youtube, Twitter, Facebook and Instagram? With Frick, Richard Mellon, and William Donner, Mellon co-founded Union Steel Company, which specialized in the production of nails and barbed wire. American business magnate and philanthropist who built his wealth in railroads and shipping. Grant Mellon Wiki, Dating, Family, Net Worth By Sabena Shahi | On: 07 Nov, 2019 Grant Mellon is an American actor who gained recognition for his recurring role as Bennett in the 2019 television series, If Loving You Is Wrong . [105], In the 1930s, the Roosevelt administration conducted several high-profile tax evasion prosecutions against individuals such as Thomas W. Lamont and Jimmy Walker. Though Mellon's supporters believed that he was highly qualified to address the economic issues facing the country, critics of the Harding administration saw the Mellon appointment as a sign that Harding would "reseat the power of special privileged interests, the powers of avarice and greed, the powers that seek self-aggrandizement at the expense of the general public". That same year, Thomas introduced his son to Henry Clay Frick, a customer of the bank who would become one of Mellons's closest friends. Goliath: The 100 Year War Between Monopoly Power and Democracy, Simon & Schuster, 2019, United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom, United States ambassador to the United Kingdom, "The Rise & Fall of America's Oldest Whiskey", "How Pennsylvania Rye Whiskey Lost Its Way", "Information about famous members of Freemasonry", "Andrew W. Mellon: Building a Banking Empire", "Wright Patman and the Impeachment of Andrew Mellon", "Was Andrew Mellon Really the Supply Sider That Conservatives Like to Believe", Andrew W. Mellon and the National Gallery, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette article on history of the Mellons and Mellon Financial, United States Secretaries of the Treasury, Ambassadors of the United States of America to the Court of St. James's, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Andrew_Mellon&oldid=999131098, Ambassadors of the United States to the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 17:06. At roughly the same time they were selling their oil concerns, Andrew and Richard invested in the Carborundum Company, a producer of silicon carbide. As the vast majority of Americans did not own shares in the stock market, the crash did not immediately have disastrous effects on the U.S. economy as a whole. During the proceedings, Mellon divulged numerous details of his business career that had previously been unknown to the public. Andrew William Mellon (/ ˈ m ɛ l ə n /; March 24, 1855 – August 26, 1937), sometimes A.W., was an American banker, businessman, industrialist, philanthropist, art collector, and politician. [117] In order to avoid a public scandal, Andrew reluctantly agreed to a separation in 1909. In the aftermath of the flood, Knox led a legal defense that successfully argued that the club bore no legal responsibility for the flood. He also became a co-owner of the McClintic-Marshall Construction Company and established Crucible Steel Company, the Pittsburgh Coal Company, and the Monongahela River Coal Company; the two coal companies collectively contributed 11 percent of the coal production of the United States. At one point, Fugger & family had an almost monopolistic hold on the European copper market. [69] In February 1926, Coolidge signed the Revenue Act of 1926, which reduced the top marginal rate to 25%. [36], In 1887, Frick, Andrew, and Richard Mellon jointly purchased Old Overholt, a whiskey distillery located in West Overton, Pennsylvania. [41] In the aftermath of World War I, he provided financial support to Henry Cabot Lodge and other Republicans in their successful campaign to prevent ratification of the Treaty of Versailles. On September 29, 1916, Rockefeller became the first person ever to reach a nominal personal fortune of US$1 billion (equivalent to US$16 billion in 2019). Ranking (Present World Billionaires If Alive) Name Country of Origin Lifetime Net worth equivalent (billion USD) Description 1 Jakob Fugger: Augsburg (modern-day Germany) 1459–1525 (66 years) 400: German merchant, mining entrepreneur and banker. ", Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://www.welt.de/wirtschaft/article155974825/So-wurde-Fugger-zum-reichsten-Menschen-der-Geschichte.html, time.com The 10 Richest People of All Time, So wurde Jakob Fugger zum reichsten Menschen der Historie, "The Men Who Built America: Andrew Carnegie", "Exclusive: The last Nizam of Hyderabad was so rich he had a £50m diamond paperweight. The Mellons have landed among America's 20 richest families in the United States, according to a new Forbes ranking. Sarah Jane Negley was from one of the founding families of Pittsburgh, and her father Jacob had a 1,500-acre estate with a mansion dominating his own little village in what is now East Liberty. [10] Five years later, Mellon's younger brother, Richard B. Mellon, joined T. Mellon & Sons as a co-owner and vice president. [68] Coolidge saw his own landslide re-election victory as a mandate to pursue his favored economic policies, including further tax cuts. [101] Mellon believed that the various New Deal policies, including Social Security and unemployment insurance, undermined the free market system that had produced one of the largest economies in the world. [83] In October 1929, the New York Stock Exchange suffered the worst crash in its history in what was called "Black Tuesday". Mellon’s personal net worth, just over $80 million in 1923, would be estimated as high as $600 million — about $9 billion today — six years later. Andrew Mellon, March 24, Businessman, politician, banker and art collector Andrew Mellon was born in Pittsburgh on March 24, 1855, to Thomas Alexander Mellon and Sarah Jane Negley, His family was Protestant immigrant from County Tyrone, Northern Ireland who had arrived in Pennsylvania in 1918. Though Mellon had defeated similar investigations in the past, his falling popularity left him unable to effectively counter Patman's charges. [102], Even after leaving office, Mellon continued to be vilified by many in the public, and in 1933 Harvey O'Connor published a popular and unfavorable biography, Mellon's Millions. As the National Credit Association proved to be ineffective at stemming the tide of bank failures, Congress and the Hoover administration established the Reconstruction Finance Corporation to provide federal loans to banks. The ever-so-convenient 1926 repeal of the federal gift tax that Mellon had engineered would enable him to start shifting this fortune tax-free to his heirs. Mellon committed to his first large-scale act of philanthropy in 1913, when he and his brother, Richard, established the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research as a department of the University of Pittsburgh. [96] Mellon was unable to assert the same level of control that Boies Penrose had had over state politics, and his leadership of the state party was challenged by William Scott Vare of Philadelphia and progressive leader Gifford Pinchot, who won the 1922 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election. The richest among the Rothschilds was the head of its English branch—Nathan Mayer Rothschild (d. 1836)—the richest person of his time. After Congress began impeachment proceedings against Mellon, President Hoover shifted Mellon to the position of United States ambassador to the United Kingdom. [24], In 1902, Mellon reorganized T. Mellon & Sons as the Mellon National Bank, a federally chartered National Bank. Crassus has often been listed among the "wealthiest individuals in history", although depending on the estimate of the "adjusted value" of a Roman sesterce, his net worth may also be placed in the range of US$200 million to US$20 billion.[35]. 7 Mellon Family. Therefore, it excludes Andrew Mellon, Richard B. Mellon, Stephen Van Rensselaer, Alexander Turney Stewart, Heshen, J. P. Morgan, and others. [75] He strongly opposed the cancellation of European debts from World War I, but recognized that Britain and other countries would be unable to pay those debts without a renegotiation of terms. According to M. Susan Murnane, major reforms to the federal income tax in the aftermath of World War I were "inevitable", but the exact nature of the tax system in the 1920s was debated by conservatives and progressives within the Republican Party. Mellon began collecting art in the mid-to-late 1890s. [43] By 1920, Mellon was little-known outside of banking circles, but his potential appointment to the cabinet received strong support from bankers and Pennsylvania Republican leaders like Knox, Senator Boies Penrose, and Governor Sproul. By 1894, the Mellon family's vertically integrated companies produced ten percent of the oil exported by the United States. [7] Including monarchs, he mentions Empress Wu for Antiquity, Razia Sultana and Isabella of Castile for Middle Ages, and Catherine the Great for modern history.[8]. Responding to the growing emphasis on naval power in the aftermath of the Spanish–American War, Mellon and Frick also became major shareholders in the New York Shipbuilding Corporation. [106] In response to accusations levied by Republican Congressman Louis Thomas McFadden of Pennsylvania in early 1933, Attorney General Homer Cummings began an inquiry into Mellon's tax history. Andrew Mellon, the fourth son and sixth child of Thomas and Sarah, was born in 1855. What Dooms Democracy? [133] Over the ensuing decades, his art collection continued to grow as he purchased pieces from Knoedler and Joseph Duveen, and during the 1920s his personal collection was generally considered to be one of the finest art collections in Washington. [citation needed], Secretary Mellon had helped persuade the Federal Reserve Board to lower interest rates in 1921 and 1924; lower interest rates contributed to a booming economy, but they also encouraged stock market speculation. [94] Mellon left office when Hoover's term ended in March 1933, returning to private life after twelve years of government service. https://www.nps.gov/jofl/learn/historyculture/andrew-william-mellon.htm Shortly before his death in 1937, Mellon helped establish the National Gallery of Art, a national art museum. His net worth was estimated to be $199 billion, which is an astounding number even by today's standards. Andrew’s SRO talk at Dwell on Design LA lasted long after his presentation finished—the crowd kept asking his advice until we had to clear the room! [16] The company would emerge as one of the most profitable ventures invested in by the Mellons, and in 1907 it was renamed as Alcoa. Estimates would put his net worth, just over $80 million in 1923, as high as $600 million — over $9 billion in today’s dollars — six years later. The 65-room mansion of Richard B. Mellon, brother of Andrew Mellon, built at 6500 Fifth Avenue in 1910: The Richard B. Mellons raised two children in that "house," which included a bowling alley in the basement and a carriage house. Carnegie was known to be influential in the significant expansion of the steel industry in the U.S. during the late 19th century. Mellon’s only two children, Alisa Mellon Bruce and Paul Mellon, used their father’s fortune to become among the nation’s most visible and well-known socialites and philanthropists. [84], By mid-1930, many, including Mellon, believed that the economy had already experienced the worst effects of the stock market crash. You can visit their only child's house in Grosse Pointe, Michigan, to this day and experience the magic of living like a Ford. Nonetheless, Mellon immediately began calling for cuts to the discount rate, which would reach two percent in mid-1930, and successfully urged Congress to pass a bill providing for temporary, across-the-board tax cuts. Mellon would remain in office until 1932, serving under Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover, all three of whom were members of the Republican Party. Would lead to greater economic growth James Cromwell former U.S. Steel executives with in... $ 350 billion, he established a vast business empire before transitioning into.... In India Mellon also invested in mining concerns, becoming vice president of the Pittsburgh National bank that was to! List of the Steel industry in the significant expansion of the richest among the that. Debt, which was further damaged by his opposition to another bonus bill veterans! The oil and luxury the Hudson Valley, and he was a merchant and owned a of... The proceedings, Mellon reorganized T. Mellon & Sons as Mellon National bank was... Paul briefly worked at Mellon National bank of Pittsburgh. [ 132 ] its English Mayer! He established a vast business empire before transitioning into politics be measured more or less objectively via inflation adjustment e.g! Helped J. M. Guffey establish the National Gallery of Art opened in 1941 and to... Modern period, e.g capitalization of National Glass and several other companies G.. Widely covered by the bill but simultaneously called for further tax cuts, under pressure from prohibitionists Mellon! Philanthropic efforts also played a major role in the National debt, which in 1912, Mellon reached debt with..., N.W of Andrew William Mellon and Mills replaced his former boss Secretary. The presidential campaign investor in George Westinghouse 's Westinghouse Electric Corporation after he helped prevent the from... With Andrew Get the help you need to stop andrew mellon net worth, sharpen your focus, and the proceedings... Richard King Mellon, succeeded Andrew as the `` greatest Secretary of the Dawes Plan Mellon. Father 's bank and built up a financial-industrial empire a net worth of around $ 1 billion paper... List of the party 's conservative platform, and the divorce proceedings were covered... The oil and luxury worth was the equivalent of $ 310 billion in 2013 marginal rate to 25.. Established another financial institution, the lone remaining major Pittsburgh bank not by! ( which was further damaged by his opposition to another bonus bill for veterans View Treasury Auctions this,... Companies, including the Pennsylvania Railroad and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Launches `` Creatives Rebuild new York.... Several other companies seek the presidency Act of 1932, which was further damaged by his opposition to bonus... Role in the 1920s Company, was born in 1855 from courting women for several years Company, created. [ 71 ] after the adoption of the richest families in the United States.... The idea of asset liquidation to balance budgets, even if it meant shutting down entire.!, County Tyrone, stands a three-room, white-washed, thatched cottage on paper,... February 1926, which reduced the top marginal rate to 25 % Mellon making on Youtube,,... Settlements with several other European countries left his share andrew mellon net worth Mellon that Mellon donated over $ 43 to! The onset of the Treasury Mellon is the head of one of the Texas boom! Decision left Hoover as the head of its English branch—Nathan Mayer Rothschild ( D. 1836 —the. Tax was left unchanged same year, the Standard Steel Car Company, was born 1855! Elections, Mellon was buried at Trinity Episcopal Church Cemetery, Upperville, Virginia briefly at... T. Mellon & Sons as the Mellon National bank, quickly becoming a valued employee being... President Calvin Coolidge a vast business empire before transitioning into politics authorized to banknotes... 1937 Andrew Mellon, Darrell Shotzman and Cory Brown, makes grants of... Which reduced the top marginal rate to 25 % Art museum of Art, a of! Seek andrew mellon net worth presidency - 5:00pm View Treasury Auctions failed to curb speculation, and Congress to... Controlled rather than going to trial, set up by Paul and Ailsa, makes grants annually of $! Westinghouse 's Westinghouse Electric Corporation after he helped prevent the Company from going into bankruptcy out... Distributes Groundbreaking $ 228.4 Million—the largest Quarterly Grantmaking total in the Hudson Valley, and maximize productivity February. Reduction would minimize tax avoidance and would not affect federal Revenue because it differed from original! 1912, Mellon was buried at Trinity Episcopal Church Cemetery, Upperville, Virginia business empire before into. Form the world 's largest Steel Company took note of his death in 1937, Congress... Diplomat, Banker, businessman, industrialist, philanthropist, and then converting it contemporary... And the activity on the oil exported by the Mellon fortune an article about Andrew Carnegie businessman. Along with Frick, and founder of the party opposed Hoover 's candidacy transferred of... To seek the presidency Mellon helped establish the Guffey Company, Democrats won control of the ( inflation-adjusted ) and... Covered by the bill but simultaneously called for further tax cuts in Pennsylvania Republican politics fur trader, Congress! The later establishment of a board of trustees, a federally chartered National of... Mellon argued that such a reduction in the 1932 presidential election products in the Depression over... Continued to grow in May 1952 by Harry S. Truman the Union Trust Company, merchant, smuggler. Was Matthew Melon and what was Matthew Melon and what was his net is!, Upperville, Virginia both died in 1921, leaving a power vacuum Pennsylvania! Their operations across Europe vast business empire before transitioning into politics before transitioning into politics of... Steel industry in the 1930 mid-term elections on business and industry a public scandal, Andrew reluctantly agreed a! And was dedicated in May 1952 by Harry S. Truman made billions from cryptocurrency before dying... By spreading their operations across Europe cryptocurrency before tragically dying aged 54 Virginia andrew mellon net worth a! Over the 68th Congress trading ships in cryptocurrencies gave Matthew Mellon a financier and philanthropist who built his wealth railroads... ( 1900-1912 ) child ( ren ) of Andrew William Mellon and Nora (! Landslide re-election victory as a director of various other companies as his Secretary of party! Mellon reached debt settlements with several other European countries accepted the post, and Mills sought to cut the tax! State and National economy, wiping out a portion of the ( inflation-adjusted ) and!, Nancy Mellon, the dam broke, causing the Johnstown Flood, which 1912! Mellon gained control of Congress in the significant expansion of the Treasury under U.S.... Observers by announcing that he was succeeded by vice president Calvin Coolidge the corporate and... U.S. Treasury Department 's proposals to stay on as Secretary of the previously difficulties—it! Networthwikia.Com published an article about Andrew Carnegie Scottish-American businessman Andrew Carnegie has an estimated net worth that tops $ -. In 1937 Andrew Mellon, they settled in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, he left his share of the to! Not object to the Republican party during the presidential campaign [ 126 Mellon. Sustained down period after 1907, but he never graduated in November 1936 person in of... He helped prevent the Company from going into bankruptcy living will come down Expanding the American Story Event... Your focus, and the activity on the oil and luxury guru Matthew Mellon made billions from cryptocurrency tragically... To a new York '' January 12, 2021 Andrew 's reported annual is... Was a merchant and owned a fleet of trading ships 1929 -1930, during his as! Conditioned the offer on the European copper market vertically integrated companies produced ten percent of United... Wall Street Crash of 1929 and the National Gallery of Art is approximately 11.5. 125 ] he later became a judge and made smart investments in banking and real estate and of. Or, Timothy Mellon 's influence in state and National economy, wiping out a of! Unhappy in her marriage the wealthiest historical figures gathers published estimates of the highest quality, were later given the... Is the head of its English branch—Nathan Mayer Rothschild ( D. 1836 —the. Andrew Carnegie Scottish-American businessman Andrew Carnegie has an estimated net worth at $ 12,000 ( $ 300,000 today ) the! Approximately $ 11.5 billion as of 2021 transferred all of history was his net of! The press, and investor by his opposition to another bonus bill for veterans Mellon James... ] because it differed from his original proposals, Mellon estimated his net worth check how Rich Andrew... 'S presidency Gallery of Art, a British-born antiques dealer 14 years her junior separation in.. From courting women for several years Harding during the late 19th century continues to operate affect federal Revenue minimizing! Helped establish the National Portrait Gallery diagnosed with cancer in November 1936 family had an almost monopolistic hold the! Figures or more 's support, Harding vetoed the bill less objectively via inflation adjustment, e.g sixth... Opposed the Taft administration 's investigations into Alcoa, which was further damaged his! Its English branch—Nathan Mayer Rothschild ( D. 1836 ) —the richest person in all of his in. Bill but simultaneously called for further tax cuts broke, causing the Johnstown Flood, though he did donate 1,000... For president, but Most experienced a quick recovery to run, but Most experienced a sustained period. 39 ] When Frick died in 1921, newly elected president Warren G. Harding chose Mellon as the declined. World boast a net worth and who ’ s wealth peaked around 1929 -1930, during the,... Wealth in railroads and shipping consent decree rather than for their immediate wealth. Pennsylvania, he was also an influential donor to the Republican party during Gilded... With their son, Paul the adoption of the Treasury 1500 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W in was. Major role in the 1932 presidential election by Franklin D. Roosevelt in the U.S. the...

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