arctic and antarctic location

These include Inuit of North America, the Sami of Northern Europe and the Yakuts of Siberia who have long inhabited the Arctic. In the Arctic, you can experience 24-hours of sunshine in the spring and summer – May to August. It is mostly covered by pack-ice (frozen sea-water) averaging 2-3 meters thick. Some parts of the Arctic are covered by ice (sea ice, glacial ice, or snow) year-round, and nearly all parts of the Arctic experience long periods with some form of ice on the surface.Average January temperatures range from about −40 to 0 °C (−40 to 32 °F), and winter temperatures can drop below −50 °C (−58 °F) over large parts of the Arctic. When choosing polar destinations, Antarctica is often top of mind for many people but the Arctic offers distinct and incredible travel experiences. However, both regions have similar seasonal patterns. • Arctic is the region on the top-most corner of the globe while Antarctic at the bottom most corner. The Arctic Circle, incidentally, is an imaginary line located at 66º, 30'N latitude, and as a guide defines the southernmost part of the Arctic. As a whole, the Arctic is home to far more animals than the Antarctic. | In summer, the ice breaks ups and the enormous ice-sheets crack and split. The Arctic: Cruising season is determined largely by the sea ice. Photo by Chris Linder, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. The Arctic is named for the north polar constellation “Arktos”—Greek for “bear.” It is 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles)—almost exactly the same size as Antarctica—and has been inhabited by humans for close to 20,000 years. Small plants and shallow root systems compensate for the thin layer of soil, and small leaves minimize the amount of water lost through the leaf surface. The North Pole is a point in the middle of It is located 700 km (430 mi) north of the nearest point of land, the northern tip of Greenland. Recent sampling efforts and following metagenomics have shed light on the global ocean microbial diversity and function, yet the microbiota of polar regions has not been included in such global analyses. Many travellers enjoy experiencing local culture when visiting the Arctic. You can view all other Arctic Safaris here. The ice drifts around the polar basin under the influence of winds and currents, breaking up during blizzards and then refreezing. 14 : Mediterranean Deep Brines : 2011, Exp. Antarctic Circle. The total surface area roughly doubles each winter as sea-ice forms around the coasts. As a result, the sea ice that forms in the Arctic is not as mobile as sea ice in the Antarctic. The Land: Arctic vs Antarctica Landscapes of the Arctic. Median Antarctic SBI f, Δz, and ΔT are 58%, 197 m, and 2.6 K, respectively. Antarctica, on the other hand, is a continent, covered by a very thick ice cap and surrounded by a rim of sea ice and the Southern Ocean. Antarctic and Arctic are two regions on Earth. Also, a belt of floating mass of ice debris called the ice pack surrounds the continent of Antarctica. Antarctica is the ice-covered continent that surrounds the South Pole and is itself surrounded by the Southern Ocean. Hover your mouse over the image below to see where the ridges and plains are. This program specifically explored the importance of U.S. research efforts in and around the continent, the unique role of the U.S. Coast Guard in supporting these endeavors, as well as U.S. diplomatic interests and efforts in a time of dynamic change. Penguins are only found in the southern hemisphere in Antarctica, South America and the southern cape of Africa. If it’… The South Pole is a point on the giant ice sheet located 1,300 km (800 mi) from the nearest open sea at the Bay of Whales. Take a journey through time in our next module », Mailing List | Feedback | Glossary | For Teachers | About Us | Contact © 2005 Dive and Discover is a registered trademark of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Exp. Required fields are marked *. These icebergs will float past Nunavut, so often that the community of Qikiqtarjuaq has an area known as “iceberg alley.” The iceberg that sunk the Titanic came from here! The Arctic is not the Antarctic and the Antarctic is not the Arctic.” Antarctica is surrounded by the vast Southern Ocean, which is soaking up much of the atmosphere’s excess heat. Similar adaptations help plants, algae, fungi, and lichens survive in both the Arctic and Antarctic. Its boundary is irregular and is often defined by either the northern limit of stands of trees on land, or by a mean July temperature of ~10°C (50°F). It is 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles)—almost exactly the same size as Antarctica—and has been inhabited by humans for close to 20,000 years. The national parks of Baffin Island, Auyuittuq and Sirmilik National Parks, are some of the most spectacular natural areas in the world. European summer is the perfect time to visit the Arctic (and Spitsbergen in particular), with most departures leaving between June and August. Shown on the image above with a dashed red line, this parallel of latitude sits at approximately 66.33° south of the Equator. Antarctic cruises provide opportunities to see whales and other wildlife. That is Arctic is at the North pole and Antarctic at the South pole. ("Perennial" refers to the oldest and thickest sea ice.) The polar regions offer incredible, life-changing experiences in destinations that few have visited. Subscribe to get an inside look at the Arctic from anywhere. It consists of the Arctic Ocean and surrounding land, including all of Greenland and Spitsbergen, and the northern parts of … The Arctic encompasses a vast frozen ocean around the North Pole, surrounded by the landmasses of North America, Greenland, Svalbard, Northern Europe and Russia, while Antarctica is a frozen continent anchored by the South Pole and surrounded by vast open oceans. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The biggest celebrities of the North and South poles are the polar bears, narwhal and penguins, both exclusive to one of the hemispheres. While Antarctica is nearly completely ice, the Artic has mountains, hills, plains, rivers, tundra, and the taiga, the world’s largest biome. On the Canadian side of this ridge the Fletcher and Wrangel Abyssal plains form a deep, irregular basin between the Lomonosov and the Alpha Ridges. LEGAL In the Arctic you can find many animals roaming the land such as: Arctic fox, Arctic hares, seals, walrus, caribou, reindeer, musk ox, lemmings, squirrels, many species of birds, and of course, polar bears. Arctic & Antarctic. Operation Highjump, officially titled The United States Navy Antarctic Developments Program, 1946–1947, was a United States Navy operation organized by Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd Jr., USN (Ret), Officer in Charge, Task Force 68, and led by Rear Admiral … Arctic/Antarctica Antarctica is Earth's southernmost continent. | The Antarctic (or Antarctica) Circle is one of the five major circles or parallels of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. Numerous populations have inhabited the Arctic for thousands of years. The Arctic is a circle of land masses intermingled by the Arctic Ocean, while Antarctica is a solid island of ice. Arctic & Antarctic Location. While there are also cruise options for the Arctic, land-based Arctic safaris also offers the incredible opportunity to experience wildlife up-close. The Arctic, also known as the North Pole, is the Northern-most part of the world. This is also the time to witness wildlife migrations, including narwhal and beluga at the floe edge. It extends up to 60° degrees north. The Arctic is named for the north polar constellation “Arktos”—Greek for “bear.” It is 14.5 million square km (5.5 million square miles)—almost exactly the same size as Antarctica—and has been inhabited by humans for close to 20,000 years. Some of the land parts of the Arctic, like Greenland, are covered with ice sheets; others are not glaciated, and have lush tundra. 15 : Dark Life at Deep-Sea Vents : 2014, Take a journey through time in our next module. Here a metagenomic study of seawater samples (n = 60) collected from different depths at 28 locations … It is the fifth largest land mass on the planet. Antarctica is the coldest, driest, and windiest of Earth's seven continents, and 98 percent of the continent is covered by ice with no tundra, trees or bushes. You can get chances to see the Northern Lights from late-August to April. The seafloor is subdivided by three great ridges that run almost parallel across the top of the Earth between Greenland and Siberia. It is also home to many species of whales like narwhal, beluga, bowhead, and some orca whales. Antarctica does host anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 scientists each year to conducting research, and tourists from around the world, of course. The Antarctic is the South Pole and is the Southern-most part of the world. For those wondering what makes these polar opposites so special, here are the key differences: The most frequently asked question about these two poles is “what wildlife can I see?”. The North Pole is a point in the middle of the Arctic Ocean that is permanently covered in sea ice. | The primary difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is geographical. The Arctic and Antarctic are the two most geographically distant bioregions on earth. It is also very deep, reaching more than 4,000 meters in some areas. Antarctic Circle, parallel, or line of latitude around the Earth, at 66°30′ S. LEGAL Both polar destinations can be extreme but spectacular for travellers seeking a unique trip. The United States is one of 12 original signatories to the Antarctic Treaty and has a long history of interest in the region. Pressure ridges form when ice floes collide. | It is not a continent which constitutes its (major difference to Antarctica. February and March mark the best times for whale sightings. What is the difference between the Arctic vs Antarctica? The Antarctic is 98% covered in ice. GET OUR BROCHURE Key Difference: The most obvious difference between Antarctic and Arctic is that Antarctic is located in the southern hemisphere and encompasses the South Pole region, whereas Arctic is located in the northern hemisphere and encompasses the North Pole region. In addition to soaring icebergs, the landscapes of the Arctic include dramatic mountains, fiords and rolling tundra. These stable, rugged and comfortable crafts are an ideal way to … Click here to tell us how we can help. It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. The Pole Abyssal Plain, an elongated trough of deep water, lies between the Arctic Ridge and the basin’s dominant feature, the Lomonosov Ridge—a mountain chain that averages 10,000 feet high above the abyssal plain and in places comes to within 3000 ft of the surface. It consists of the Arctic Ocean and surrounding land, including all of Greenland and Spitsbergen, and the northern parts of Alaska, Canada, Norway, and Russia. Cultural experiences in the Arctic may include visiting remote communities with historic Viking and Inuit settlements, throat singing or other cultural demonstrations. In summer, migratory birds and other wildlife come to the Arctic to raise their young. Let us know what you’re searching for and we’ll do our best to find what you need. Sea ice waxes and wanes with the seasons, but minimum and maximum extents rarely match from year to year; over years and decades, summer and winter extents vary. | • Antarctica is a continent surrounded by the world’s stormiest seas. Antarctica is mostly an ice sheet, with the south pole located some 800 miles from the sea. Compared to the Arctic, Antarctic sea ice shows less variability in summer, and more variability in winter. But the wildlife, landscape and local culture really sets the Arctic and Antarctic apart. CONTACT US When it comes to visiting Antarctica, the majority of travel options are via cruise. The Arctic is a semi-enclosed ocean, almost completely surrounded by land. With Jakobshavn Isbræ being the largest glacier in the Northern Hemisphere, this is where most of the icebergs in the Canadian Arctic start. Arctic Antarctica Location: Located around the North Pole, bordering on Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Finland and Russia. Antarctica is a continent located around the South Pole. This is helped by the fact that Arctic territories are connected to continents like North America, Europe or Asia; while Antarctic is a harsh and isolated continent. The Arctic includes parts of eight countries – Canada, the United States, Iceland, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia Do you have a question about getting here? The size and shape of the Arctic Ocean Basin are roughly similar to those of the Antarctic continent, and it is 1.5 times the size of the continental US. Antarctica is the fifth largest continent and the largest to have no permanent residence. Here they can be found huddled by the hundreds in their colonies, or out fishing in the southern waters. There are also Antarctic fly and cruise options for those that opt to skip the tumultuous Drake Passage. Antarctica is home to several marine animals. The distance between the two polar regions is 20,117 kms (12,500 mi). The Arctic is located at the northernmost part of our planet. You can get some of the best chances to view and photograph iconic animals like polar bears and narwhal on Arctic Safaris including Narwhal & Polar Bear Safari. Besides playful penguins it is home to several seal species, including leopard seals and southern elephant seals, and sea lions. The north and south polar regions follow similar patterns for daylight throughout the year, just at opposite times of the year. They are often confused as they have similar names. Your email address will not be published. The Arctic is an ocean, covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. TOUR IQALUIT, A Reindeer’s Biggest Migration: Santa’s Sleigh, Remembering John Shiwak, WW1’s Inuk Sniper. | While the most obvious difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is their geographical location, there are many more reasons the two are on opposite sides of the globe. Antarctica and the Arctic are polar opposites in more than just location. With a height of 2,835 m (9,300 ft) above sea level, people have been known to get attitude sickness at the South Pole. By Ancient Origins - March, 22 2020 According to Hollow Earth Theory, the Earth is a hollow planet with ancient entrances to the subterranean world scattered throughout it, including near both polar caps. Between Canada and the Alpha Ridge lies the largest of the Arctic sub-basins, the Canada Abyssal Plain, a sweeping, broad area with an average depth of 12,000 feet that includes much of the Arctic Ocean. Antarctica experiences its summer in January. Interacting with local Inuit and learning about traditional practices is also a highlight for many guests on Arctic Safaris. This is when penguin eggs will begin hatching. These areas have large mammals, such as caribou, bears, wolves and foxes, and a variety of plants. Interested in one of our trips? First, the size of plants and their structures make survival possible. If you were to stand at either pole, the view would be superficially very similar, there would be a great expanse of flat (ish) white snow and ice as far as the eye can see with few or no other features to break up the vista. Its coastline is made up of icy mountain glaciers and smooth ice-sheet. 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